With the changes that have taken place in recent years in terms of technology, today’s films depend a lot on special effects and animation to create scenes that impact and captivate the public’s attention.
Nowadays, we have all kinds of programs, allowing animation and creation of scenes with special effects that are very easy to carry out. This, was not that easy just a few years ago. These films were pioneers in bringing to the big screen special effects that surprised everyone with scenes and characters that were believed impossible.
The execution of Mary, Queen of Scotland
It is a short film directed by Alfred Clark representing the execution of Mary, Queen of Scotland in just 18 seconds. In that single scene, Maria finds herself blindfolded and replaced by a mannequin when the head is cut off, making the scene look totally real.
The film was made in 1895 becoming the first film known to use special effects, specifically and introducing stop-motion. It cause a bit of controversy at first because the audience thought that someone had been sacrificed in real life to make this scene.
Le Voyage Dans La Lune
It is a French surrealist film of space exploration directed and produced by Georges Méliès, who was inspired by several novels such as Around the Moon and From the Earth to the Moon. This film is totally silent and has a very elaborate scenery to give the effect of really being the moon.
This film came out in 1902, bringing together several effects created by George, combining double exposure, split screen and attenuation, showing his talent acquired throughout his career.
The Enchanted Drawing
It is a silent short film directed by J. Stuart Blackton in which is shown a caricaturist, represented by himself, drawing someone's face and shaping objects in him.
It was made in 1900 and surprised everyone by transporting and translating objects from paper into reality and vice versa using the Stop-Motion effect. This made him the father of American animation.