Most fruits and vegetables that we know and eat all the time now used to be different. Before they were genetically modified to make them a product to consume almost everyday, they used to look very different. Why have these fruits and vegetables change so much over time? It comes up not because of natural selection, but because of decisions made by farmers over time.
In order to have some of these fruits or veggies available to a larger amount of people, they changed by selecting which crops were going to be reproduced and the selection was made by farmers and enterprises in order to have faster, better crops. But did you know this significantly changed how these fruits and vegetebles look over time?
This paint shows how watermelons used to look like hundreds of years ago, before being modified. Look at the swirls and the way they were built - there was too much free space between the watermelon seeds.
Watermelon were genetically modified, so it could have a fleshy and red interior and in this way we could have this fruit that we love so much. In some contries like China they modified the watermelon and they have square watermelons.
These carrots, a previous version of the orange ones we know now were grown in Persia. These carrots were purple and also had a white color, after a time they became yellow.
Farmers decided that these needed to be modified and these carrots turned into a large, tasty orange roots.
Eggplants have come in different shapes and colors, such as white, azure, yellow or the actual purple we already know. Primitive versions used to have spines.
When it got modified it changed a lot. The eggplant got a larger and of a familiar purple color. We can find eggplants at the supermarket.